Visiting the Orthodox cathedral in Helsinki, Finland. Orthodoxy never changes. No Novus Ordo table. No dancing nuns. No holding hands during the Our Father. Steel-bolted tradition.
From The Local Lens/Huffinton Post, Religion
Published• Wed, Mar 27, 2013
By Thom Nickels
A lot of people are asking, "What do you think of the new pope?" It’s a question that’s making the rounds like an ice cream truck on a hot July day. Most people, I find, are giving positive answers to that question. Who, after all, wouldn’t like a man who insists on paying his own hotel bill? Who wouldn’t like a man who isn’t afraid to break protocol, such as walking past the Swiss Guards to give babies a kiss and crippled elderly people a hug? Gestures like these are guaranteed to win public approval, much like President Carter’s famous bypassing of protocol when he and First Lady Roslyn walked rather than rode the presidential limo on Inauguration Day. These are true "man of the people" moments that fire up applause meters and warm the hearts of the sentimental.
When Cardinal Bergoglio of Buenos Aires was elected the 266th pontiff of the Catholic Church, the first thing I did was reach for the William Strunk, Jr. and E.B. White 1918 English grammar classic, The Elements of Style. ‘Style’ is mostly defined as a superficial outward form, like an innovative Calvin Klein suit or a new ladies’ hat. A demagogue can have a fantastic personal style; he or she can even be charismatic and warm with a winning smile, or they can have a sour disposition. In both cases, the substance—what they believe and stand for—has not changed, hence one can say with complete certainty that personal style is not an indicator of substance or "brains." "All style and no substance" is a popular phrase that comes to mind.
With Pope Francis, the Catholic Church is getting quite a change in style. In many ways that style is "low church," meaning plainer and quieter Masses and services, plainer-looking vestments, smaller miters. With Pope Benedict XVI we saw the rich liturgical tapestry of Catholicism despite the fact that Benedict may have gone overboard with those red shoes. Eccentric extremes, I suppose, can be controversial, even if sometimes understandable. What is less understandable is the arbitrary changing of ceremonial rubrics.
At his installation Mass, for instance, Francis wore an obviously ugly white miter and a rather drab uninspiring white linen vestment that seemed to downplay the importance of the event. He also made two abrupt ceremonial simplifications when, after his election, he went to the balcony of Saint Peter’s to deliver his first Urbi et Orbi address. He refused the red mozzetta and the papal stole, something that even liturgically liberal Pope John Paul I and John Paul II never did. Why did he do this? Why would a new leader ignore historical precedents? Imagine a future King or Queen of England refusing the trappings of office during a much-anticipated coronation. Is this ego at work, a kind of narcissistic streak of independence—"Look at me, notice me, I’m different!"—or is something else going on?
Some say that Francis’ liturgical minimalism is the result of his personal humility and concern for the poor. While these are laudable, even noble sentiments, as one commentator on the traditionalist Rorate-Caeli website put it, "The pope may be indeed humble in other matters, not when it comes to liturgy. When it comes to liturgy, to the rites and ceremonial of the Church, the humble attitude is to follow the traditional code, the prescribed rubrics or custom, even if that's not what you would like best. To impose one's will, one's personal preference, even if one is the Pope, over the established ceremonial of the Church is not humble attitude by any means. And the ceremonial of the Church prescribes that, when a solemn blessing is involved, Popes wear the mozzetta with the stole, and the pectoral cross hanging by a cord."
If I were to read the papal tea leaves, I’d say that as the first Jesuit pope, Francis will make other ceremonial changes that will shock traditional Catholics [see below]. Traditional Latin Mass congregations are especially worried that Francis will attempt to undo some if not all of the liturgical changes (the reform of the reform) brought about by Benedict. Modern day Jesuits, after all, are usually regarded as avant garde liturgists and edgy theologians. For proof of this just pick up any copy of America magazine, a Jesuit-run publication that’s been singing the praises, at least editorially, of liturgical minimalism since the days of Vatican II. Founded as a religious order by Ignatius of Loyola in 1539 to defend the papacy, many Jesuits today have evolved into theological naysayers at odds with the tenets of their own religion. While the freedom to philosophize and go out on a limb can be a fine thing, it seems weird to me when I hear of Jesuits and other Catholic priests telling priest friends of mine that they "don’t really believe in those things anymore," those things meaning not birth control or the Church’s teachings on sexuality, but in the Real Presence at Mass, that Jesus was the son of God, or anything having to do with the Virgin Mary. This sort of thinking has become common after Vatican II.
Cardinal Roger Mahony of Los Angeles, famous for liturgical innovation and currently on the firing line for his role in covering up scores of clergy sex abuse cases, was reported to have been estatic at the election of Pope Francis. As reported by Rorate-Caeli, one of the Cardinal’s tweets went this way: "Mass with Pope Francis: moving from High Church to Low Church & humble Church! What a blessing that we are encountering Jesus w/o trappings!" As one critic of Mahony observed, what was this tweet if not a "reprehensible criticism of Pope Benedict?"
If you want to know a bit about Mahony’s liturgical style, check out his LA Masses on Youtube. There you will see hand-clapping, evangelical-style shakin’ and rollin’ along with dancing nuns twirling big incense bowls. Hopefully Pope Francis will not turn St. Peter’s into gymnasium central, although when he announced that he was replacing Monsignor Guido Marini, papal master of ceremonies since 2007, with a rotating team of Francisican liturgists, more alarm bells went off. Teams of liturgists, both lay and clergy, have contributed mightily to liturgical abuse problems since the 1970s.
Perhaps all this talk of style and liturgy doesn’t mean much to the average Catholic. My Catholic neighbors tell me, for instance, that they much prefer the current Mass to "the old one." In fact, they seem so content with the Conciliar Church—lay ministers, et al—that they probably didn’t even notice the radical change in ceremonial style happening in Rome. As one who grew up in the Catholic faith, I know that there are many in the Church who believe that any change in worship or practice, however radical, is inspired by the Holy Spirit, and that it is the duty of Catholics-in-the-pews to go along with it. St. Thomas Aquinas, however, would disagree. He wrote: "There being an imminent danger for the Faith, Prelates must be questioned, even publicly, by their subjects."
Perhaps Pope Francis will prove to be a good pope, and in the coming months will quell the tendency to chuck tradition to the four winds. Many people in my Orthodox parish of St. Michael the Archangel in Northern Liberties seem to like Pope Francis. They see him as capable of furthering, or even accomplishing, reunion with the Orthodox Church. That makes sense in a way. Francis first considers himself Bishop of Rome, not an imperial wizard, so one can easily imagine him moving the papacy back to where it was in the early days of the Church, as the first among equals, no more, no less, but with far less control over the family of geographical churches than is exercised today.
Since most of my Orthodox friends at St. Michael’s have never been Catholic, they did not witness firsthand the dismantling of so much Catholic tradition in the years since Vatican II. I’d place any bet, however, that most of them would not be happy if Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople began minimizing the importance of icons or introducing changes into ancient ceremonial practices, not to mention turning a blind eye to [Orthodox] nuns doing a "nice" Mahony-style dance around the iconostasis.
"The buck stops here," as has been said in many corner salons.
Note: As reported in Rorate-Caeli shortly after Western Good Friday:
"The Preacher of the Pontifical Household, Fr. Raniero Cantalamessa, OFMCap, preached in the Vatican Basilica on Good Friday what was formally a homily but truly a panegyric to the new pontiff with an embedded program of great ambition." Main excerpt follows:
As happens with certain old buildings. Over the centuries, to adapt to the needs of the moment, they become filled with partitions, staircases, rooms and closets. The time comes when we realize that all these adjustments no longer meet the current needs, but rather are an obstacle, so we must have the courage to knock them down and return the building to the simplicity and linearity of its origins. This was the mission that was received one day by a man who prayed before the Crucifix of San Damiano: "Go, Francis, and repair my Church".
I though that was what Pope Benedict XVI was trying to do.
A destroyed Catholic church interior on the outskirts of Vienna. The Spirit of Vatican II at work. My Catholic tour guide was close to tears as she told me the story of the cathedral's destruction--in the name of "humility" and minimalism.
Saint Paul's Catholic church in South Philadelphia, where there is a weekly Traditional Latin Mass. Father Mark Shinn of St. Andrew's Russian Orthodox church in Northern Liberties once told me that St. Paul's is one of the most beautiful Catholic churches he's ever seen.
A non-Conciliar order of Catholic monks in Colorado. My nephew is among them. They have no time for "the Spirit of Vatican II" either.
Pope Francis meets Orthodox Metropolitan Hilarion Alfeyev. You'd be hard pressed to find an Orthodox liturgical modernist. Had Pope Francis said to the Metropolitan, "You really don't need that huge icon around your neck! And as for that hat, please take it off as a symbol of humility and simplicity!" The Metropolitan's reaction? Most likely, "I am not amused, kind sir!"
True humility is calling such a place a cathedral. Perhaps the poverty and humility of the new pope will result in all cathedrals looking like this. Perhaps.
Tradition Dismantling Updates: This just in from the Traditio Fathers:
"More and more people are wondering whether Francis-Bergoglio is really a pope. He doesn't want to wear the papal vesture. He doesn't want to be called "pope," but has directed that the Newcardinals and his staff call him "Jorge." Now we find out that he doesn't like the Mess. "Mr. Humility" wants the worship of God slashed further. Anyone who has observed him at the televised services of Holy Week, the most sacred and holy week of the year, bringing true Catholics as close to Christ as they can come, Bergoglio has been caught on camera totally bored and looking at his watch as if he needed to hurry to catch the next train to perdition!
Bergoglio ordered the Easter Vigil Mess trimmed back by almost half. The Traditional Latin Holy Week Rites had already slashed in 1956 by... Bugnini, Chief Architect of the Novus Ordo. Bergoglio didn't have time to worship God during Holy Week, but he had plenty of time to create a "press opportunity" by washing the feet of woman and infidels at a concocted "maundy" meant to spurn Tradition.
The twelve traditional prophecies chanted on Holy Saturday were slashed in 1956 to just four, and now Bergoglio has slashed them further. He was also too impatient to deal with the candle lighting. Bergoglio's Newvatican propagandists claimed that slashing these most sacred rites of the entire Church year were justified by his desire "not to have his Masses [sic] go on too long."
Bergoglio’s obvious disdain for Tradition, and his continual elevation of his personal whims and preferences above Tradition in matters residential, sartorial, liturgical, and canonical, has already reached disturbing levels and bodes ill for those who don’t think the Church began with Vatican II. It isn’t “substance over style,” but rather, a failure to appreciate and understand the true depth and substance behind those Traditions now denigrated as mere “styles” of the past.
His whole “I’m-so-humble-and-simple-shtick,” is wearing thin already, and actually, rather than elevating substance over style, it simply calls more attention to himself, subordinating the Traditions of the Church and the Papacy to his own style at the expense of substance.
LA Cathedral Liturgical Dancing Nun, 2020.